The 10th International Conference on «Photosynthesis and Hydrogen Energy Research for Sustainability-2019» was held in honor of Tingyun Kuang (China), Anthony Larkum (Australia), Cesare Marchetti (Italy), and Kimiyuki Satoh (Japan), in St. Petersburg (Russia) during June 23–28, 2019. The official conference organizers from the Russian side were from the Institute of Basic Biological Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IBBP RAS), Russian Society for Photobiology (RSP), and the Komarov Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences ([K]BIN RAS). This conference was organized with the help of Monomax Company, a member of the International Congress Convention Association (ICCA), and was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation. Here, we provide a brief description of the conference, its scientific program, as well as a brief introduction and key contributions of the four honored scientists. Further, we emphasize the recognition given, at this conference, to several outstanding young researchers, from around the World, for their research in the area of our conference. A special feature of this paper is the inclusion of photographs provided by one of us (Tatsuya Tomo). Lastly, we urge the readers to watch for information on the next 11th conference on “Photosynthesis and Hydrogen Energy Research for Sustainability-2021,” to be held in Bulgaria in 2021.