Dendritic cell immunoreceptor (DCIR) is a C-type lectin receptor mainly expressed in DCs. Dcir-/- mice spontaneously develop autoimmune enthesitis and ankylosis accompanied by fibrocartilage proliferation and ectopic ossification. However, the mechanisms of new bone/cartilage formation in Dcir-/- mice remain to be elucidated. In this study, we show that DCIR maintains bone homeostasis by regulating IFN-γ production under pathophysiological conditions. DCIR deficiency increased bone volume in femurs and caused aberrant ossification in joints, whereas these symptoms were abolished in Rag2-/- Dcir-/- mice. IFN-γ-producing T cells accumulated in lymph nodes and joints of Dcir-/- mice, and purified Dcir-/- DCs enhanced IFN-γ+ T cell differentiation. The ankylotic changes and bone volume increase were suppressed in the absence of IFN-γ. Thus, IFN-γ is a positive chondrogenic and osteoblastogenic factor, and DCIR is a crucial regulator of bone metabolism; consequently, both factors are potential targets for therapies directed against bone metabolic diseases.