Cyclometalated iridium(Iii) complex–cationic peptide hybrids trigger paraptosis in cancer cells via an intracellular ca2+ overload from the endoplasmic reticulum and a decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential

Chandrasekar Balachandran, Kenta Yokoi, Kana Naito, Jebiti Haribabu, Yuichi Tamura, Masakazu Umezawa, Koji Tsuchiya, Toshitada Yoshihara, Seiji Tobita, Shin Aoki

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

In our previous paper, we reported that amphiphilic Ir complex–peptide hybrids (IPHs) containing basic peptides such as KK(K)GG (K: lysine, G: glycine) (e.g., ASb-2) exhibited potent anticancer activity against Jurkat cells, with the dead cells showing a strong green emission. Our initial mechanistic studies of this cell death suggest that IPHs would bind to the calcium (Ca2+)– calmodulin (CaM) complex and induce an overload of intracellular Ca2+, resulting in the induction of non-apoptotic programmed cell death. In this work, we conduct a detailed mechanistic study of cell death induced by ASb-2, a typical example of IPHs, and describe how ASb-2 induces paraptotic programmed cell death in a manner similar to that of celastrol, a naturally occurring triterpenoid that is known to function as a paraptosis inducer in cancer cells. It is suggested that ASb-2 (50 µM) induces ER stress and decreases the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), thus triggering intracellular signaling pathways and resulting in cytoplasmic vacuolization in Jurkat cells (which is a typical phenomenon of paraptosis), while the change in ΔΨm values is negligibly induced by celastrol and curcumin. Other experimental data imply that both ASb-2 and celastrol induce paraptotic cell death in Jurkat cells, but this induction occurs via different signaling pathways.

本文言語English
論文番号7028
ジャーナルMolecules
26
22
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1 11月 2021

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