Cell-permeable stapled peptides based on HIV-1 integrase inhibitors derived from HIV-1 Gene products

Wataru Nomura, Haruo Aikawa, Nami Ohashi, Emiko Urano, Mathieu Métifiot, Masayuki Fujino, Kasthuraiah Maddali, Taro Ozaki, Ami Nozue, Tetsuo Narumi, Chie Hashimoto, Tomohiro Tanaka, Yves Pommier, Naoki Yamamoto, Jun A. Komano, Tsutomu Murakami, Hirokazu Tamamura

研究成果: Article査読

45 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

HIV-1 integrase (IN) is an enzyme which is indispensable for the stable infection of host cells because it catalyzes the insertion of viral DNA into the genome and thus is an attractive target for the development of anti-HIV agents. Earlier, we found Vpr-derived peptides with inhibitory activity against HIV-1 IN. These Vpr-derived peptides are originally located in an α-helical region of the parent Vpr protein. Addition of an octa-arginyl group to the inhibitory peptides caused significant inhibition against HIV replication associated with an increase in cell permeability but also relatively high cytotoxicity. In the current study, stapled peptides, a new class of stabilized α-helical peptidomimetics were adopted to enhance the cell permeability of the above lead peptides. A series of stapled peptides, which have a hydrocarbon link formed by a ruthenium-catalyzed ring-closing metathesis reaction between successive turns of α-helix, were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for biological activity. In cell-based assays some of the stapled peptides showed potent anti-HIV activity comparable with that of the original octa-arginine-containing peptide (2) but with lower cytotoxicity. Fluorescent imaging experiments revealed that these stapled peptides are significantly cell permeable, and CD analysis showed they form α-helical structures, whereas the unstapled congeners form β-sheet structures. The application of this stapling strategy to Vpr-derived IN inhibitory peptides led to a remarkable increase in their potency in cells and a significant reduction of their cytotoxicity.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)2235-2244
ページ数10
ジャーナルACS Chemical Biology
8
10
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 18 10月 2013

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