Ionic liquids have high potential as novel lubricants because of their unique physical properties. In particular, halogen-free ionic liquids are low environmental-load lubricants. Unfortunately, these ionic liquids exhibit a poor tribological performance against bearing steel. However, they exhibit high performances against diamond-like carbon (DLC) under the high vacuum condition. The influence of DLC species on tribological performances and the reaction mechanism of halogen-free ionic liquids on the worn surface are still unknown. This investigation evaluates the tribological performances of halogen-free ionic liquids (1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium dicyanamide ([EMIM][DCN]), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tricyanomethane ([EMIM][TCC]), and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetracyanoborate ([EMIM][TCB])) against two types of DLC (tetrahedral amorphous carbon (ta-C) and hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C:H)). The tribological performances of ionic liquids differed by the anion structure and the type of DLCs. The DLCs lubricated with [EMIM][DCN] and ta-C lubricated with [EMIM][TCC] exhibited a low friction coefficient. On the other hand, other ionic liquids exhibited the high friction coefficients against DLCs. A time-of-flight secondary-ion mass spectrometer analysis indicated that the tribo-decomposition of halogen-free ionic liquids and the adsorption of anion achieve a low friction. The chemical activity of nascent surfaces plays a very important role in achieving tribo-decomposition. However, because this activity of DLC was lower than that of bearing steel, [EMIM][TCC] exhibited a poor tribological performance. Thus, although the tribological performances of halogen-free ionic liquids can be improved by using DLC as sliding materials, there is also the possibility of inhibiting the formation of an adsorption layer derived from ionic liquids.
|Journal||Journal of Advanced Mechanical Design, Systems and Manufacturing|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
- Diamond-like carbon
- Ionic liquids