The addition reactions of α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds with dichloromethyl p-tolyl sulfoxide in the presence of NaHMDS or LDA resulted in the formation of adducts, 1-chlorocyclopropyl p-tolyl sulfoxides bearing a carbonyl group at the 2-position, in almost quantitative yields. The carbonyl group of the adducts was transformed to various ether groups to give 1-chlorocyclopropyl p-tolyl sulfoxides bearing an ether functional group at the 2-position in short steps. Treatment of these products with i-PrMgCl at low temperature afforded cyclopropylmagnesium carbenoids via the sulfoxide-magnesium exchange reaction. 1,5-Carbon-hydrogen insertion (1,5-CH insertion) reaction of the generated magnesium carbenoid intermediates took place to give 3-oxabicyclo[3.1.0]hexanes or bicyclo[3.1.0]hexanes bearing an ether group at the 4-position in moderate to good yields. When this procedure was carried out starting with enantiopure dichloromethyl p-tolyl sulfoxide, enantiopure 3-oxabicyclo[3.1.0]hexanes were obtained in good overall yields. These procedures provide a good way for the synthesis, including asymmetric synthesis, of multisubstituted 3-oxabicyclo[3.1.0]hexanes and bicyclo[3.1.0]hexanes from α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds and dichloromethyl p-tolyl sulfoxide in short steps.
- 1,5-CH insertion
- Cyclopropylmagnesium carbenoid
- Magnesium carbenoid