Study on Irradiation Effect of Mid-Infrared Free Electron Laser on Hen Egg-White Lysozyme by Using Terahertz-Time Domain Spectroscopy and Synchrotron-Radiation Vacuum-Ultraviolet Circular-Dichroism Spectroscopy

Takayasu Kawasaki, Yudai Izumi, Gaku Ohori, Hideaki Kitahara, Takashi Furuya, Kohji Yamamoto, Koichi Matsuo, Masahiko Tani, Koichi Tsukiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mid-infrared free-electron laser (MIR-FEL) is potentially applicable for tissue ablation and dissociation of pathological peptide aggregates in medicine. However, it is still poorly understood how the MIR-FEL irradiation influences on functional proteins such as enzymes. In the current study, the effect of MIR-FEL on both aggregate and non-aggregate (= native) states of hen egg-white lysozyme (HEWL) as a representative enzyme has been investigated. Absorption intensity at terahertz region (0.3–1.2 THz, 10–40 cm−1) of the aggregate of HEWL was lower than that of the native HEWL, but the former was increased nearly to the same level with the latter after the MIR-FEL irradiation tuned to 6 μm that corresponds to carbonyl stretching vibrational mode of amide bonds (amide I). This indicates that the aggregate of HEWL was converted to the native state by the irradiation. On the other hand, synchrotron-radiation vacuum-ultraviolet circular-dichroism spectroscopy showed that protein conformation of the native HEWL, which was rich in α-helix, was little changed after the MIR-FEL irradiation under the same condition with the case of the aggregate of HEWL. Furthermore, the enzymatic hydrolysis activity of the native HEWL against bacterial glycan was not remarkably decreased by the irradiation. Therefore, it can be estimated that the native structure of HEWL is little damaged although the aggregate state can be easily dissociated by the resonant excitation at amide bonds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)998-1009
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves
Volume40
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Mid-infrared free-electron laser
  • Protein aggregate
  • Terahertz-time domain spectroscopy
  • Vacuum-ultraviolet circular-dichroism spectroscopy

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