Large-scale penetration of photovoltaic (PV) power generators and storage batteries is expected in recently constructed power systems. For the realization of smart energy management, we need to make an appropriate day-ahead schedule of power generation and battery charge cycles based on the prediction of demand and PV power generation, which inevitably involves nontrivial prediction errors. With this background, a novel framework is proposed to maintain the balance among the total amounts of power generation, demand, and battery charging power with explicit consideration of the prediction uncertainty, assuming that consumer storage batteries are not directly controllable by a supplier. The proposed framework consists of the following three steps: 1) the day-ahead scheduling of the total amount of generation power and battery charging power; 2) the day-ahead scheduling of utility energy consumption requests to individual consumers, which aim to regulate battery charging cycles on the consumer side; and 3) the incentive-based management of the entire power system on the day of interest. In this paper, we especially focus on the day-ahead scheduling problems in steps 1) and 2), and show that they can be analyzed in a manner originating from spatiotemporal aggregation. Finally, we demonstrate the validity of the proposed framework through numerical verification of the power system management.
- Photovoltaic (PV) power generation
- prediction uncertainty
- spatiotemporally multiresolutional optimization
- supply-demand-storage balancing