Screening and selection of XRISM/Xtend flight model CCD

the Xtend team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


X-ray Imaging Spectroscopy Mission (XRISM) is the next Japanese X-ray astronomical satellite to be launched in 2021 Japanese fiscal year. We are developing one of the XRISM instruments “Xtend”, which is an X-ray CCD camera combined with an X-ray telescope, and achieves the wide field of view of 38×38 in 0.4–13keV. In 2019, twelve flight-model (FM) candidate CCD chips were fabricated by Hamamatsu Photonics K.K. We conducted screening experiments to examine whether the FM candidates met requirements for the Xtend CCDs, and selected the four FM chips from them. We constructed a screening system, with which we can examine various CCD performances by illuminating characteristic X-ray lines in a ∼0.5–14keV band or optical lights. With this system, all the twelve candidates were confirmed to satisfy the requirements. We then selected four chips with the best performance, in terms of e.g., their charge transfer inefficiencies, energy resolutions, soft X-ray sensitivities, and optical light leakages. In this paper, we report an overview of the screening system, and procedures and results of the screening process.


  • Charge-coupled device
  • P-channel CCD
  • X-ray
  • Xtend

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