A new sandwich immunoassay method for measuring human C5a-des-Arg was developed using monoclonal antibody specifically reactive with C5a-des-Arg. Monoclonal antibodies were obtained from a panel of hybridomas produced by fusion of mouse myeloma cells, P3 × 63-AG8,653, with spleen cells from a CBF1(C57BL/6 × BALB/c) mouse immunized with purified C5a. The reactivities of these monoclonal antibodies against C5a, C5a-des-Arg and C5 were tested by solid-phase radioimmunoassay. One of the antibodies reacted with C5a-des-Arg, but not with C5a and C5. By use of this antibody for capturing antibody in sandwich immunoassay, a rapid and simple method was developed for measuring C5a-des-Arg without previous removal of C5. The sensitivity of this assay system was approximately 1 ng/ml for C5a-des-Arg.
- Monoclonal antibody
- Sandwich immunoassay