Negative electron affinity (NEA) surfaces can emit electrons by low-energy light illumination that is nearly equal to the bandgap energy of a semiconductor because NEA surfaces lower the vacuum level to below the conduction-band minimum. In particular, NEA-GaAs surfaces show distinct characteristics such as high spin polarization, low emittance, short pulsed operation, and high intensity. NEA surfaces are formed by alternating application of Cs and O2 on a clean GaAs surface. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) was used to investigate the surface states of NEA-GaAs (100) surfaces prepared using HCl-isopropanol treatment followed by annealing in an ultrahigh vacuum. The results indicated remarkable improvement in the surface quality of the GaAs (100). The authors have been studying the relationship between electron emission properties and the adsorption structures of Cs on Ga-terminated GaAs surfaces. Here, they report the first observation of NEA-Ga-terminated surfaces with Cs adsorption using STM.
|Journal||Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Nanotechnology and Microelectronics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2018|