Oxidation behavior of ytterbium silicide in air and steam

Toshihisa Miyazaki, Syo Usami, Yutaro Arai, Toru Tsunoura, Ryo Inoue, Takuya Aoki, Ryuji Tamura, Yasuo Kogo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ytterbium (Yb)- and silicon (Si)-rich ytterbium silicides (Yb5Si3, and Yb3Si5) were successfully fabricated by arc-melting and heat treatment. The degradation behavior of both silicides was evaluated by means of oxidation tests under three different conditions: Air, air-H2O, and steam. The results showed that the degradation of these Yb-silicides in air was accelerated relative to that in air–H2O and in steam. Although Yb3Si5 formed an un-oxidized region in air–H2O and in steam, a complex phase transformation occurred as a result of the decrease in the amount of Yb in Yb3Si5, caused by exposure to heat, while the liquid phase evolved below the melting point of Si. The liquid phases did not form upon exposure of Yb5Si3 to heat, whereas Yb5Si3 was more oxidized and the amount of SiO2 formed during heat exposure in air-H2O and steam is higher than Yb3Si5.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106992
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Bond coat
  • Oxidation
  • Phase diagram
  • Silicates
  • Steam
  • Ytterbium silicide

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