Overexpression of CO2-responsive CCT protein, a key regulator of starch synthesis strikingly increases the glucose yield from rice straw for bioethanol production

Ryutaro Morita, Hiroshi Teramura, Chiaki Ogino, Akihiko Kondo, Hiroshi Fukayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Production of bioethanol from rice straw has attracted attention from the point of effective use of agricultural residue. Starch content is an important determinant for bioethanol production from rice straw. The overexpression of CO2-responsive CCT protein (CRCT), which is the positive regulator of starch synthesis in vegetative organs, notably increased the starch content in rice straw. To produce the bioethanol from rice straw, the dilute acid pretreatment is a general pretreatment method. Importantly, the glucose yields in liquid hydrolyzate after dilute acid pretreatment was markedly increased in the CRCT overexpression lines compared with non-transgenic rice. In addition, the overexpression of CRCT enhanced the biomass production. In contrast, CRCT did not affect on the glucose yields from cellulose in acid-insoluble residue obtained after dilute acid pretreatment. With respect to byproduct in liquid hydrolyzate which inhibits the fermentation, the formic acid content was increased, whereas the furfural, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural and acetic acid contents were unchanged by the overexpression of CRCT. These results demonstrate that genetic engineering of CRCT is an effective method to increase the bioethanol production from rice straw.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-447
Number of pages7
JournalPlant Production Science
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Bioethanol production
  • CRCT
  • Oryza sativa
  • grain yield
  • starch

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