Molecular basis for chiral selection in RNA aminoacylation

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Abstract

The chiral-selective aminoacylation of an RNA minihelix is a potential progenitor to modern tRNA-based protein synthesis using L-amino acids. This article describes the molecular basis for this chiral selection. The extended double helical form of an RNA minihelix with a CCA triplet (acceptor of an amino acid), an aminoacyl phosphate donor nucleotide (mimic of aminoacyl-AMP), and a bridging nucleotide facilitates chiral-selective aminoacylation. Energetically, the reaction is characterized by a downhill reaction wherein an amino acid migrates from a high-energy acyl phosphate linkage to a lower-energy carboxyl ester linkage. The reaction occurs under the restriction that the nucleophilic attack of O, from 3′-OH in the terminal CCA, to C, from C=O in the acyl phosphate linkage, must occur at a Bürgi-Dunitz angle, which is defined as the O-C=O angle of approximately 105°. The extended double helical form results in a steric hindrance at the side chain of the amino acid leading to chiral preference combined with cation coordinations in the amino acid and the phosphate oxygen. Such a system could have developed into the protein biosynthetic system with an exclusively chiral component (L-amino acids) via (proto) ribosomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4745-4757
Number of pages13
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2011

Keywords

  • Amino acid
  • Aminoacylation
  • Extended double helix
  • Homochirality
  • Origin of life
  • RNA
  • Stereochemistry

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