Modernity and locality in the use of brick in Spanish architecture (1870s–1930s)

Ryohei Kumagai, Yoshihiko Ito, Fuuko Kimura

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


This paper consists of three different but interconnected themes related to the brick use during the transition period into the modern construction. First, we overview the technological change and continuity, particularly focusing on the development of the Catalan vault and the introduction of the reinforced concrete construction in Catalonia and Madrid. Secondly, we analyze the transformation of the brick load-bearing walls in Modernist architecture, featuring especially several works of Domènechi Montaner. In the last section, we clarify the local difference of brick facades examining the brick bonds, dimension and the ornamental expression classifying 63 buildings built between 1870s and 1930s in Madrid and Catalonia. In conclusion, there were technical developments within brick construction itself in the transition period from tradition to modernity, but we could also say that there is continuity of expression within the transition from brick construction to modern construction.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBuilding Knowledge, Constructing Histories
EditorsIne Wouters, Stephanie Van de Voorde, Inge Bertels, Bernard Espion, Krista De Jonge, Denis Zastavni
PublisherCRC Press/Balkema
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9781138584143
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event6th International Congress on Construction History, 6ICCH 2018 - Brussels, Belgium
Duration: 9 Jul 201813 Jul 2018

Publication series

NameBuilding Knowledge, Constructing Histories


Conference6th International Congress on Construction History, 6ICCH 2018


  • Brick architecture
  • Catalan vault
  • Catalonia and Madrid
  • Late 19th-early 20th centuries
  • Transition of technology


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