Massed Task Repetition Is A Double-Edged Sword for Fluency Development

Yuichi Suzuki, Keiko Hanzawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


To examine the effects of task repetition with different schedules, English-as-a-foreign-language classroom learners performed the same oral narrative task six times under three different schedules. They narrated the same six-frame cartoon story (a) six times consecutively in one class (massed practice), (b) three times at the beginning and at the end of a class (short-spaced practice), and (c) three times as a part of two classes 1 week apart (long-spaced practice). The results yielded by an immediate posttest using a novel cartoon showed that massed practice reduced breakdown fluency (mid-clause and clause-final pauses) the most. However, the participants in the massed-practice group showed degraded speed (slower articulation rate) and repair fluency (more verbatim repetition). The effects of repetition schedule seem limited on a 1-week delayed posttest involving a novel cartoon. Yet, when participants narrated the same practiced cartoon 1 week later, massed practice also resulted in more verbatim repetition.

Original languageEnglish
JournalStudies in Second Language Acquisition
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


Dive into the research topics of 'Massed Task Repetition Is A Double-Edged Sword for Fluency Development'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this