International comparison of fire safety regulations on means of escape among Vietnam and other countries

Hai Duy Bui, Masayuki Mizuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In Vietnam, fire safety regulations are applied only to buildings not higher than 50 m (75 m for only apartments) in height1). The Vietnamese government has to find a solution to upgrade them. In the past study, Hagiwara and Tanaka conducted an international comparison of fire safety regulations on means of escape among several industrialized countries2). In this study, a review was conducted on means of escape required in Vietnam, Singapore, Japan, Australia, and the USA based on their research. The provision of refuge areas inside buildings was added as a new component for comparison, and functional requirements on means of escape were used to analyze the current situation of Vietnam Building Code on Fire Safety of Buildings. This study has found some insufficiencies of it such as a lack of provisions on common path of travel, maximum travel distance from any point in a room to exit stairs and refuge area. Furthermore, this study gives suggestions to extend the application of the Vietnam Building Code to buildings greater than 75 m high and suggests an additional functional requirement on means of escape named “availability of safe space for temporary refuge during a fire” to enhance evacuation safety of high-rise buildings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-62
Number of pages18
JournalBulletin of Japan Association for Fire Science and Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


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