Fabrication of dense two-dimensional assemblies consisting of gold(core)-silver(shell) nanoparticles and the resulting peculiar surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) activity are reported. The assemblies were prepared via assembly at air-toluene interfaces by drop-casting toluene solutions containing the nanoparticles protected with octadecylamine molecules onto glass plates. This simple process, which does not require special apparatus or significant fabrication time, leads to uniform assemblies over vast areas (∼34 cm2). In the SERS measurements, the high spatial reproducibility of the SERS signals from p-aminothiophenol adsorbed on the assemblies over vast areas demonstrates that this method is useful for the quantitative investigation of SERS mechanisms. Under 532 nm laser excitation, the difference in the enhancement factors of the SERS signals at the a 1 mode between assemblies consisting of gold, silver, and core-shell nanoparticles can be explained by the degree of overlap of the excitation wavelength with their plasmon coupling modes. In contrast, under 785 nm excitation, even though the plasmon band of the core-shell nanoparticle assemblies does not significantly overlap with the excitation wavelength as compared with that of gold nanoparticle assemblies, the enhancement factor from the core-shell nanoparticle assemblies was stronger than those from the gold nanoparticle assemblies. Therefore, we have demonstrated that the gold(core)-silver(shell) nanoparticle assemblies are excellent SERS active materials, which have strong electromagnetic mechanism (EM) as well as chemical mechanism (CM) effects due to the silver shells.