Electromyographic analysis of thigh muscles during track cycling on a velodrome

Kohei Watanabe, Takayuki Sato, Takahiro Mukaimoto, Wataru Takashima, Michio Yamagishi, Tetsunari Nishiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


We aimed to investigate neuromuscular activation of thigh muscles during track cycling at various speeds. Eight male competitive cyclists volunteered to participate in this study. Surface electromyography of the vastus lateralis, biceps femoris and adductor magnus muscles of the bilateral legs was recorded during track cycling on velodromes with a 250-m track. The participants were instructed to maintain three different lap times: 20, 18 and 16 s. The average rectified value (ARV) was calculated from the sampled surface electromyography. Significantly higher ARVs were observed in the right compared to left leg for the biceps femoris muscle during both straight and curved sections at 18-and 16-s lap times (P < 0.05). In the biceps femoris muscle, significant changes in ARVs during the recovery phase with an increase in speed were seen in the right leg only (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in ARVs between the straight and curved sections for all three muscles (P > 0.05). From our findings, it was suggested that during track cycling on a velodrome the laterality of the biceps femoris muscle activity is a key strategy to regulate the speed, and fixed neuromuscular strategies are adopted between straight and curved sections for thigh muscles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1413-1422
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Hamstrings muscles
  • Hip adductor muscles
  • Quadriceps femoris muscles
  • Track cyclist


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