Effect of the settings of electrospray deposition method on the structure and performance of the fuel cell catalyst layer

Hikaru Arai, Koki Asami, Hajime Ito, Noboru Katayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Catalyst layers of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) are formed by electrospray deposition (ESD) method. The cathode catalyst layers are formed and characterized by varying the settings of the system, such as flow rate, applied voltage and the distance between the capillary and the substrate. The dryness of the aggregates during deposition is evaluated using the Damkhöler number (Da), and the structure of the catalyst layer is observed using SEM, which shows that the catalyst layer is porous when dry and non-porous when insufficiently dry. In the case of insufficient drying, the structure changed significantly depending on the position. Single cell tests show that the maximum power density varies from 105 to 253 mWcm−2 depending on the settings, even with the same catalyst ink and the same amount of platinum. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy shows that the charge transfer and mass transport resistances tend to decrease with increase in Da.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-303
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Applied Physics
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Catalyst layer
  • Damkhöler number
  • Electrospray deposition
  • PEMFC

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