Dry and Wet Mechanochemical Synthesis of Piroxicam and Saccharin Co-Crystals and Evaluation by Powder X-Ray Diffraction, Thermal Analysis and Mid- and Near- Infrared Spectroscopy

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of dry and wet mechanochemical synthesis on piroxicam (PX) and saccharin (SA) mixtures. For this purpose, PX and SA mixtures prepared by wet mechanochemical processes using three solvents and by dry mechanochemical synthesis were evaluated by mid-and near-infrared spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The mixtures of wet-type products were transformed into PX/SA 1:1 co-crystals. The effect of the solvent was key to the co-crystallization of PX and SA. The products from the dry process were transformed into the amorphous phase. For the sample of the amorphous mixture, two exothermic peaks due to crystallization were observed in the thermal analysis. Bulk PX was ground for the same number of times for transformation, but was not successfully transformed to the amorphous bulk; the same was observed for SA. It is suggested that the mutual existence of PX and SA promotes mutual amorphization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-94
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume111
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Coamorphous
  • Cocrystal
  • Infrared spectra
  • Phase transformation
  • Piroxicam
  • Saccharin

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