Distinguishing Antioxidant Molecules with Near-Infrared Photoluminescence of DNA-Wrapped Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Nay San Lin, Masaki Kitamura, Makoto Saito, Kota Hirayama, Yuki Ide, Kazuo Umemura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this study, two biomolecule solutions were distinguished using the capacity difference in the near-infrared photoluminescence (PL) of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). Biosensing techniques using sensitive responses of SWNTs have been intensively studied. When a small amount of an oxidant or reductant solution was injected into the SWNT suspensions, the PL intensity of the SWNTs is significantly changed. However, distinguishing between different molecules remains challenging. In this study, we comparably injected saponin and banana solutions, which are known antioxidant chemicals, into an SWNT suspension. The SWNTs were solubilized by wrapping them with DNA molecules. The results show that 69.1 and 155.2% increases of PL intensities of SWNTs were observed after injection of 20 and 59 μg/mL saponin solutions, respectively. Subsequently, the increase in PL was saturated. With the banana solution, 18.1 and 175.4% increases in PL intensities were observed with 20 and 59 μg/mL banana solutions, respectively. Based on these results, the two antioxidant molecules could be distinguished based on the different PL responses of the SWNTs. In addition, the much higher saturated PL intensities observed with the banana solution suggests that the banana solution increased the capacity of the PL increase for the same SWNT suspension. These results provide helpful information for establishing biosensing applications of SWNTs, particularly for distinguishing chemicals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28896-28903
Number of pages8
JournalACS Omega
Issue number33
Publication statusPublished - 23 Aug 2022


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