Discovery of a multipotent chaperone, 1-(2,6-Difluorobenzylamino)-3-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydrocarbazol-9-yl)-propan-2-ol with the inhibitory effects on the proliferation of prion, cancer as well as influenza virus

Satoshi Yamashita, Ryo Honda, Mayuko Fukuoka, Tsutomu Kimura, Junji Hosokawa-Muto, Kazuo Kuwata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We previously discovered three carbazole derivatives, GJP14 (1-piperidinylmethyl-2-(1-oxo-6-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydrocarbazol-9-yl)-ethan-1-ol) with anti-prion activity, GJC29 (benzylamino-3-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydrocarbazol-9-yl)-propan-2-ol) with anti-cancer activity, and THC19 (1-piperidinylmethyl-2-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydrocarnazol-9-yl)-ethan-1-ol) with anti-influenza virus activity. During optimization of GJP14 for the anti-prion activity, we discovered a compound, 1-(2,6-difluorobenzylamino)-3-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydrocarbazol-9-yl)-propan-2-ol, termed 5Y, had the most strong anti-prion activity among a series of newly synthesized derivatives. Intriguingly, we noticed that 5Y had also the most strong anti-colon cancer as well as the anti-influenza virus activities among derivatives. No significant toxicity of 5Y was observed. These results demonstrate that 5Y is a multipotent lead compound with unusually wide spectrum, and may be applicable to therapeutics targeting multiple diseases. Abbreviations: MoPrP: mouse prion protein of amino acid residues of 23-231; PrPC: cellular form of prion protein; PrPSc: scrapie form of prion protein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-46
Number of pages5
JournalPrion
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

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Keywords

  • activation free energy
  • anti-viral agent
  • cancer
  • carbazol
  • Chaperone
  • free energy
  • influenza virus
  • multipotent
  • prion
  • stabilization

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