Densification of Y2O3 by flash sintering under an AC electric field

Kohta Nambu, Koji Morita, Kohei Soga, Takahisa Yamamoto, Hiroshi Masuda, Hidehiro Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Frequency dependence of the densification behavior of undoped Y2O3 sintered by the AC-flash sintering was systematically investigated at 500 V·cm−1 over a frequency range from 0.05 Hz to 1 kHz. The Y2O3 bodies sintered under an AC field showed a uniform microstructure, without an asymmetric grain size distribution between the electrodes. Almost fully-densified Y2O3 body was consolidated at 1 kHz exhibited a relative density greater than 99 % and an average grain size of 1.6 μm. The almost full densification probably resulted from the high input power at the relatively high onset temperature of 1300 °C at this frequency. The temperature dependence of the power dissipation during the AC-flash sintering experiments can be ascribed to the periodic fluctuations of the specimen temperature at low frequencies and to the phase shift between the applied field and the specimen current at high frequencies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-575
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Alternating current
  • Flash sintering
  • Microstructure
  • Yttria

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