Deformation and crushing of particles of cement treat granulate soil

Phan Huy Dong, Kimitoshi Hayano, Yoshiaki Kikuchi, Hidenori Takahashi, Yoshiyuki Morikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


Cement Treat Granulate Soil (CTGS), a new artificial granular material, has been developed recently by mixing the dredged marine clay with appropriate amounts of cement and polymer. The CTGS particles are crushable and deformable, thus forming a compressible material. Besides being a lightweight material, CTGS is a granular material, and is therefore expected to be applied in reclamations or as a back fill or subsoil materials. This study investigates the deformation and crushing of the CTGS particles and their effects on the stress-strain behaviors. The comprehensive investigation of the principle of treatment, the micro-structure of particles, triaxial stress-strain behaviors, induced particle crushing and particle deformation are first presented via the experimental work done on two types CTGS produced from a lean-mixture design of cement and polymer. Subsequently, the results of X-ray Computer Topography (CT) scanners along with triaxial CD tests on CTGS and conventional gravel having rigid particles are presented. The test results reveal local failure mechanisms between the individual particles of the CTGS and gravel, from which the failure models of the granular materials formed by deformable and crushable grains and non-crushable grains are interpreted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-624
Number of pages14
JournalSoils and Foundations
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2011


  • Cement treat granulate soil
  • Dredged marine clay
  • Particle crushing
  • Particle deformation
  • Vesicular particle
  • X-ray CT scanner test

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Deformation and crushing of particles of cement treat granulate soil'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this