Dectin-2-mediated initiation of immune responses caused by influenza virus hemagglutinin

Hideki Yamamoto, Chikako Tomiyama, Ko Sato, Jun Kasamatsu, Kazuki Takano, Aya Umeki, Nana Nakahata, Tomomitsu Miyasaka, Emi Kanno, Hiromasa Tanno, Sho Yamasaki, Shinobu Saijo, Yoichiro Iwakura, Keiko Ishii, Kazuyoshi Kawakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Antigen-presenting cells express pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), which sense pathogen-associated molecular patterns from microorganisms and lead to the induction of inflammatory responses. C-type lectin receptors (CLRs), the representative PRRs, bind to microbial polysaccharides, among which Dectin-2 and Mincle recognize mannose-containing polysaccharides. Because influenza virus (IFV) hemagglutinin (HA) is rich in mannose polysaccharides, Dectin-2 or Mincle may contribute to the recognition of HA. In this study, we addressed the possible involvement of Dectin-2 and Mincle in the viral recognition and the initiation of cytokine production. Interleukin (IL)-12p40 and IL-6 production by bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BM-DCs) upon stimulation with HA was significantly reduced in Dectin-2 knockout (KO) mice compared to wild-type (WT) mice whereas there was no difference between WT mice and Mincle KO mice. BM-DCs that were treated with Syk inhibitor resulted in a significant reduction of cytokine production upon stimulation with HA. The treatment of BM-DCs with methyl-α-D-mannopyranoside (ManP) also led to a significant reduction in cytokine production by BM-DCs that were stimulated with HA, except for the A/H1N1pdm09 subtype. IL-12p40 and IL-6 synthesis by BM-DCs was completely diminished upon stimulation with HA treated with concanavalin A (ConA)-bound sepharose beads. Finally, GFP expression was detected in reporter cells that were transfected with the Dectin-2 gene, but not with the Mincle gene, when stimulated with HA derived from the A/H3N2 subtype. These data suggested that Dectin-2 may be a key molecule as the sensor for IFV to initiate the immune response and regulate the pathogenesis of IFV infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-66
Number of pages14
JournalBiomedical research (Tokyo, Japan)
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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