Contribution of homogeneous condensation inside cavitation nuclei to cavitation inception

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The response of a small gas bubble, so-called cavitation nucleus, to the reduction of ambient pressure is investigated theoretically and experimentally. Numerical results show that the gas mixture inside the bubble expands adiabatically and the temperature of the mixture decreases rapidly at the first stage, however the temperature recovers soon to the surrounding liquid temperature by homogeneous condensation which forms a mist inside the bubble. Consequently, the bubble grows almost isothermally. Experiments have been performed using a hydro-shock tube. The radius of a small bubble has been measured by a light-scattering method whose time resolving power is one micro-second. The experimental results are found to be in good agreement with the numerical results calculated using the ambient pressure change measured in the test section.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-437
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1986


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