Bioimaging with fluorescent probes is used as an invaluable tool in a biomedical field both in vivo and in vitro. However, organic dyes have some problems such as photo-breaching and cytotoxicity due to short wavelength with high quantum energy. Recently, a new approach using rare-earth-doped ceramic nanophosphors (RED-CNP) shows that fluorescence from RED-CNP in both visible (upconversion) and near infrared (NIR) wavelength region under NIR excitation is available for bioimaging. In order to efficiently introduce the RED-CNP into cancer cells, in this study we have developed a lipid nano-particles of liposome-encapsulated erbium (Er) ion-doped Y2O3 (lipo-Y2O3). Cationic lipo-Y2O3 could clearly visualize the intracellular region of human hepatocellular carcinoma Huh-7 cells by a fluorescence microscope measurements equipped with near-infrared excitation source scanning. The results imply that the lipo-Y 2O3 would potentially be useful material for imaging of cancer cells. The embedded Y2O3 in the liposome having cancer-specific ligands and/or antibodies on its surface should have a great potential for cancer cell imaging in general in living subjects.
|Journal||Journal of Physics: Conference Series|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2010|
|Event||4th International Symposium on Atomic Technology, ISAT-4 - Kobe, Japan|
Duration: 18 Nov 2009 → 19 Nov 2009