Abscisic acid (ABA) is a key phytohormone involved in plant development, seed germination and responses to osmotic stresses, such as drought and high salinity. SNF1-related protein kinases (SnRK2s) play important roles in ABA-dependent and ABA-independent osmotic stress signaling. SnRK2s phosphorylate transcription factors and ion channels in response to ABA or osmotic stress to induce the expression of stress-responsive genes and stomatal closure, respectively, to confer osmotic stress tolerance. The activity of SnRK2s is directly or indirectly regulated by several protein factors. Identification of downstream substrates or upstream regulators of SnRK2s is very useful for elucidating protein components that regulate ABA and osmotic stress signaling. Here, we describe the use of affinity purification by coimmunoprecipitation and liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry to identify protein complexes involved in ABA and osmotic stress signaling in plants. We previously identified several protein factors that regulate ABA and osmotic stress signaling by using this method.