Adsorption and lubrication of α-gel (α-form hydrated crystal) dispersion at solid/liquid interfaces

Kenichi Sakai, Rina Ishii, Takanori Saito, Masaaki Akamatsu, Takaya Sakai, Hideki Sakai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We characterized the adsorption and desorption of α-gel (α-form hydrated crystal) dispersions in aqueous media using a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) technique. The α-gel was formed from a mixture of N-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl] docosanamide (APA-22) L-lactic acid salt, 1-octadecanol (C18OH), and water. The solid substrate employed in this study as a model for hair was silica. The QCM-D measurements revealed that the α-gel dispersions yielded a rigid adsorption film on the negatively charged silica surface. The adsorption mass decreased with decreasing domain size (on the micrometer scale) of the α-gel dispersions. The adsorption film highly restricted the desorption of the α-gel from the silica surface even after rinsing with water. The adsorption film also exhibited excellent lubrication ability in aqueous media both before and after rinsing with water. We expect that the α-gel formed by APA-22 L-lactic acid is a potential ingredient for formulating an environment-friendly hair conditioner owing to its high adsorption, limited desorption, and excellent lubrication abilities on the solid surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1247-1252
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of oleo science
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Adsorption
  • Cationic surfactant
  • Lubrication
  • Quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D)
  • α-form hydrated crystal
  • α-gel


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