Active galactic nuclei catalog from the AKARI NEP-Wide field

Artem Poliszczuk, Agnieszka Pollo, Katarzyna Małk, Anna Durkalec, William J. Pearson, Tomotsugu Goto, Seong Jin Kim, Matthew Malkan, Nagisa Oi, Simon C.C. Ho, Hyunjin Shim, Chris Pearson, Ho Seong Hwang, Yoshiki Toba, Eunbin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Context. The north ecliptic pole (NEP) field provides a unique set of panchromatic data that are well suited for active galactic nuclei (AGN) studies. The selection of AGN candidates is often based on mid-infrared (MIR) measurements. Such methods, despite their effectiveness, strongly reduce the breadth of resulting catalogs due to the MIR detection condition. Modern machine learning techniques can solve this problem by finding similar selection criteria using only optical and near-infrared (NIR) data. Aims. The aim of this study is to create a reliable AGN candidates catalog from the NEP field using a combination of optical SUBARU/HSC and NIR AKARI/IRC data and, consequently, to develop an efficient alternative for the MIR-based AKARI/IRC selection technique. Methods. We tested set of supervised machine learning algorithms for the purposes of carrying out an efficient process for AGN selection. The best models were compiled into a majority voting scheme, which used the most popular classification results to produce the final AGN catalog. An additional analysis of the catalog properties was performed as a spectral energy distribution fitting via the CIGALE software. Results. The obtained catalog of 465 AGN candidates (out of 33 119 objects) is characterized by 73% purity and 64% completeness. This new classification demonstrates a suitable consistency with the MIR-based selection. Moreover, 76% of the obtained catalog can be found solely using the new method due to the lack of MIR detection for most of the new AGN candidates. The training data, codes, and final catalog are available via the github repository. The final catalog of AGN candidates is also available via the CDS service. Conclusions. The new selection methods presented in this paper are proven to be a better alternative for the MIR color AGN selection. Machine learning techniques not only show similar effectiveness, but also involve less demanding optical and NIR observations, substantially increasing the extent of available data samples.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA108
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021


  • Catalogs
  • Galaxies: active
  • Infrared: galaxies
  • Methods: data analysis
  • Techniques: photometric


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