A novel floury endosperm2 (Flo2)-interacting protein, is involved in maintaining fertility and seed quality in rice

Rintaro Suzuki, Tomohiro Imamura, Yoko Nonaga, Hiroaki Kusano, Hiroshi Teramura, Ken Taro Sekine, Tetsuro Yamashita, Hiroaki Shimada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Crop plants accumulate a large amount of storage starch and storage proteins in the endosperm. Genes involved in the biosynthesis of these substances work in concert during development of the rice endosperm. The rice flo2 mutant produces aberrant seeds with reduced grain quality. FLOURRY ENDOSPERM 2 (FLO2), the causative gene of the flo2 mutant, is considered to be a regulatory protein that controls the biosynthesis of seed storage substances. FLO2 contains tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) motifs that may mediate protein–protein interactions. In this study, we identified the protein that interacts with the TPR motif of FLO2. We generated a transformant that produced the FLAG-tagged fusion FLO2 protein in the flo2 mutant and used this in the shotgun proteomic analysis. A protein, which we named FLOC1, interacted with FLO2. In vitro pull-down assays indicated that the TPR motif was involved in this interaction. A knock-down transformant of FLOC1 showed significantly reducted fertility and generation of seeds with abnormal features. These findings suggest that FLOC1 is involved not only in seed fertility but also in seed quality. These phenotypes were also observed on the RNAi transformants of the flo2 mutant although the effect of the flo2 mutation remained. these findings imply that there is a difference in the functions of FLO2 and FLOC1 although both of appear to be involved in the control of seed quality during seed formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-55
Number of pages9
JournalPlant Biotechnology
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

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Keywords

  • Developing seed
  • Fertility
  • Protein-Protein interaction
  • Rice
  • Seed formation

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