A New Approach to the Mass and Radius of Neutron Stars with Supernova Neutrinos

Ken'ichiro Nakazato, Hideyuki Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neutron stars are formed in core-collapse supernova explosions, where a large number of neutrinos are emitted. In this paper, supernova neutrino light curves are computed for the cooling phase of protoneutron stars, which lasts a few minutes. In the numerical simulations, 90 models of the phenomenological equation of state with different incompressibilities, symmetry energies, and nucleon effective masses are employed for a comprehensive study. It is found that the cooling timescale is longer for a model with a larger neutron star mass and a smaller neutron star radius. Furthermore, a theoretical expression of the cooling timescale is presented as a function of the mass and radius and it is found to describe the numerical results faithfully. These findings suggest that diagnosing the mass and radius of a newly formed neutron star using its neutrino signal is possible.

Original languageEnglish
Article number156
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume891
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2020

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